Date of Award

Summer 7-1993

Document Type

Master's Research Paper

Degree Name

Master of Public Administration (MPA)


Public Administration

First Advisor

Dr. Damien D. Ejigiri

Second Advisor

Dr. Leon R. Tarver II


This research project examines a series of the United Nations' sanctions imposed on South African from 1970 through 1990. The goals of these sanctions were to force South Africa to abandon its apartheid policies. The paper examines diplomatic and economic measures including the oil and arms embargoes. Economic sanctions precipitated economic crisis which forced the South African government to reexamine its apartheid policies, and this marked the beginning of change. Multiparty negotiations between the government and black nationalist are in the process to establish a multiracial society. For the first time in more than three hundred fifty years in April 1994 there will be national elections to elect a transitional government.